2.2. Sama Veda

The Sama Veda is one of the four Vedas, the sacred texts of Hinduism, and is closely related to the Rig Veda. While the Rig Veda is primarily a collection of hymns and prayers addressed to the Vedic gods, the Sama Veda is a collection of these same hymns or mantras, but in a musical form that is meant to be sung during Vedic rituals.

The Sama Veda is divided into two main parts: the "Ud-githa" and the "Udgatri" portions. The "Ud-githa" section contains a collection of hymns that are recited during the morning, noon, and evening rituals, while the "Udgatri" section contains instructions for the priests who lead the chanting.

The Sama Veda is considered to be one of the most important texts in Hinduism, as it provides a musical representation of the Vedic hymns and prayers. The chanting of these hymns is believed to have a transformative power, and is used to connect the individual with the divine during Vedic rituals.

The Samaveda is unique among the Vedas in that it focuses more on the musical aspect of the hymns than on their textual content. The 1,549 verses of the Samaveda are divided into two main parts:

1. The Gana (melodies)  portion: This section contains the musical notations or melodies for the hymns. These melodies were used to sing the hymns during Vedic rituals.

2. The Arcika (verses) portion: This section contains the verses of the hymns. The verses are often repetitions or variations of verses found in the other Vedas, such as the Rigveda.

Overall, the Samaveda is an important part of Hindu religious and cultural traditions, and its hymns and melodies continue to be used in various forms of devotional music and chanting.


Old scriptures of Hinduism. 

Vedic Astrology(Jyotish Shastra ) 

Hindu system of astrology


Upavedas mean applied the knowledge

Sanatan Dharma



Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva are three major deities in Hinduism, known as the Trimurti. 


Brahma is the creator God 


Vishnu is the preserver God  


Shiva is the destroyer God 

World Oldest scriptures is Vedas (Out of 4 Vedas,  The Rigveda is oldest, dated 1500 BCE )

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